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‏الزكاة (The Book of Obligatory Alms)
CHAPTER: EXCELLENCE OF SPENDING AND GIVING SADAQA TO RELATIVES, TO WIFE, TO CHILDREN, AND PARENTS EVEN IF THEY ARE POLYTHEISTS  

No. 2185

Anas b. Malik is reported as saying: Abu Talha was the one among the Ansar of Medina who possessed the largest property and among his property he valued most was his garden known as Bairaha' which was opposite the mosque, and the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) often visited it and he drank of its sweet water. When this verse was revealed:" You will never attain righteousness till you give freely of what you Have" (iii. 91), Abu Talha got up and, going to Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam), said: Allaah says in His Book:" You will never attain righteousness till you give freely of what you love," and the dearest of my property is Bairaha' so I give it as Sadaqa to God from Whom I hope for reward for it and the treasure with Allaah; so spend it, Messenger of Allaah, on whatever purpose you deem it proper. The Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: Bravo I that is profit earning property. I have heard what you have said, but I think you should spend it on your nearest relatives. So Abu Talha distributed it among the neatest relatives and his cousins on his father's side.

No. 2186

Anas reported that when this verse was tevealed:" You will not attain righteousness till you give freely of what you love," Abu Talha said: I see that our Lord has demanded from us out of our property; so I make you a witness, Messenger of Allaah. that I give my land known as Bairaha' for the sake of Allaah. Upon this the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: Give that to your relatives. So he gave it to Hassan b. Thabit and Ubayy b. Ka'b.

No. 2187

Maimuna bint Harith reported that she set free a slave-girl during the lifetime of the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) and she made a mention of that to the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) and he said: Had you gives her to your maternal uncles, you would have a greater reward.

No. 2188

Zainab, the wife of 'Abdullah (b. Mas'ud ), reported that the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: 0 women, give sadaqa even though it be some of your jewellery. She returned to 'Abdullah and said: You are a person with empty hands, whereas the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) has commanded us to give sadaqa, so better go to him and ask and if this will suffice for me; otherwise I shall give it to someone else. 'Abdullah said to me (his wife): You better go yourself. So I went and there was another woman of the Ansar at the door of the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) having the same porpose as I had. Now Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) was invested with awe (so we did not like to knock). Then Bilal came out and we said to him: Go to the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) and inform him that there are two women at the door asking him whether it will serve them to give sadaqa to their spouses and to orphans who are under their charge, but do not inform him who we are. Bilal went to the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) and asked him (what these women had instructed him to ask). The Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) asked him who these women were. He (Bilal) said: They are women from Ansar and Zainab. Upon this the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: Which of the Zainabs? He said: The wife of 'Abdullah. The Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: There are two rewards for them, the reward of kinship and the reward of Sadaqa.

No. 2189

A hadith like this has been narrated on the authority of Zainab the wife of 'Abdullah, and she said: I was in the mosque and the Prophet of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) saw me and said: Give Sadaqa even though it is out of your jewellery. The rest of the hadith is the same.

No. 2190

Umm Salama said: I asked the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) whether there is a reward for me if I spend oh Abu Salama's sons, and I am not going to abandon them in this state (of helplessness) for they are my sons. He (the Prophet) said: Yes. For you is the reward for what you spend on them.

No. 2191

This hadith has been narrated by Ibn 'Urwa with the same chain of transmitters.

No. 2192

Abu Mas'ud reported Allaah's Messenger (way sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) as saying: When a Muslim spends on his family seeking reward for it from Allaah, it counts for him as sadaqa.

No. 2193

This hadith has been narrated by Shu'ba with the same chain of transmitters.

No. 2194

Asma' daughter of Abu Bakr reported: I said: Messenger of Allaah, my mother, who is inclined or scared has come to me. Should I (even An her position of being opposed to Islam) treat her well? He said: Yes.

No. 2195

Asma' bint Abu Bakr reported: My mother who was a polytheist came to me when he (the Prophet) entered into treaty with, the Quraish (of Mecca). I inquired from the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) saying: Messenger of Allaah, there has come to me my mother and she is inclined; should I (in this state of her mind) show her kindness? He said: Yes, treat her kindly.




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