CHAPTER: THE REWARD FOR AN HONEST TRUSTEE AND FOR THE WOMAN AS SHE GIVES CHARITY FROM THE HOUSEHOLD OF HER HUSBAND EITHER WITH HIS EXPLICIT SANCTION OR AS IT IS CUSTOMARY
Abu Musa reported Allaah's Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) as saying: The honest Muslim trustee who spends (sometimes he said" who gives" ) what he is commanded to do and he gives that in full with his heart overflowing with cheerfulness and he gives it to one to whom he is ordered, he is one of the givers of charity.
'A'isha reported Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) as saying: When a woman gives in charity some of the food in her house, without causing any damage, there is reward for her for whatever she has given, and a reward for her husband for what he earned. The same applies to the trustee. In no respect does the one diminish the reward of the other.
This hadith has been narrated by Mansur with the same chain of transmitters (with this alteration of words):" from the food of her husband".
'A'isha reported Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) as saying: When a woman spends (something as Sadaqa) out of the household of her husband without causing any damage, there is a reward for her and for him too like it for whatever he earned, and for her (for the wife) because of her spending (for the sake of Allaah), and for the trustee also (there is a reward like it), without any reduction from their rewards.
This hadith has been narratedby A'mash with the same chain of transmitters.
Umair, the freed slave of Abi'l-Lahm reported: 1 was the slave (of Abi'l-Lahm). I asked the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) if I could give some charity out of my master's wealth. He said: Yes, and the reward is half and half between you two.
'Umair, the freed slave of Abi'l-Lahm, said: My master commanded me to cut some meat in strips; (as I was doing it) a poor man came to me and I gave him some of it to eat. My master came to know of that, and he beat me. I came to the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) and narrated it to him. He (the Prophet) summoned him and said: Why did you beat him? He (Abi'l-Lahm) said: He gives away my food without being commanded to do so. Upon this he (the Prophet) sbid: The reward would be shared by you two.
Hammam b. Munabbih said: These are some of the a hadith of Muhammad. the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam), transmitted to us on the authority of Abu Huraira. So he narrated one hadith out of them (as this): The Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: No woman should observe fast when her spouse is present (in the house) but with his permission. And she should not admit any (mahram) in his house, while he (her husband) is present, but with his permission. And whatever she spends from his earnings without his sanction, for him is half the reward.