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‏الزكاة (The Book of Obligatory Alms)
CHAPTER: BESTOWAL UPON THOSE WHO ARE MADE TO INCLINE (TO TRUTH)  

No. 2303

Anas b. Malik reported that when on the Day of Hunain Allaah conferred upon His Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) the riches of Hawazin (without armed encounter), the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) set about distributing to some persons of Quraish one hundred camels Upon this they (the young people from the Ansar) said: May Allaah grant pardon to the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) that he bestowed (these camels) upon the people of Quraish, and he ignored us, whereas our swords are still dripping blood. Anas b. Malik said: Their statement was conveyed to the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) and he sent (someone) to the Ansar and gathered them under a tent of leather. When they had assembled, the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) came to thera and said: What is this news that has reached me from you? The wise people of the Ansar said: Messenger of Allaah, so far as the sagacious amongst us are concerned they have said nothing, but we have amongst us persons of immature age; they said: May Allaah grant pardon to the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) that he gave to the Quraish and ignored us (despite the fact) that our swords are besmeared with their blood. Upon this the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: I give (at times material gifts) to persons who were quite recently in the state of unbelief, so that I may incline them to truth Don't you feel delighted that people should go with riches, and you should go back to your places with the Prophet of Allaah? By Allaah, that with which you would return is better than that with which they would return. They said: Yes, Messenger of Allaah, we are pleased. The Prophet said too: You would find marked preference (in conferring of the material gifts) in future, so you should show patience till you meet Allaah and His Messenger and I would he at the Haud Kauthar. They said: We would show patience.

No. 2304

Anas b. Malik reported that when Allaah conferred upon His Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) the riches of Hawazin (without armed encounter) ; the rest of the hadith is the same except some variation (of words):" Anas said: We could not tolerate it and he also said: The people were immature in age."

No. 2305

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Anas b. Malik through another chain of transmitters.

No. 2306

Anas b. Malik reported that the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) gathered the Ansar and said: Is there someone alien among you? They said: No, but only the son of our sister. Upon this the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: The son of the sister of the people is included among the tribe, and (farther) said: The Quraish have recently abandoned Jahillyya and have just been delivered from distress; I, therefore, intend to help them and conciliate them. Don't you feel happy that the people should return with worldly riches and you return with the Messenger of Allaah to your houses? (So far as my love for you is concerned I should say) if the people were to tread a valley and the Ansar tread a narraw path (in a mountain) I would tread the narrow path of the Ansar.

No. 2307

Anas b. Malik reported: When Mecca was conquered, he (the Prophet) distributed the spoils among the Quraish. Upon this the Ansar said: It is strange that our swords are dripping with their blood, whereas our spoils have been given to them (to the Quraish). This (remark) reached the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam), and so he gathered them and said: What is this that has been conveyed to me about you? They said: (Yes) it is that very thing that, has reached you-and they were not (the people) to speak lie. Upon this he said: Don't you like that the people should return to their houses along with worldly riches, whereas you should return to your houses with the Messenger of Allaah? If the people were to tread a valley or d narrow path, and the Ansar were also to tread a valley or a narrow path, I would tread the valley (along with the) Ansar or the narrow path (along with the) Ansar.

No. 2308

Anas b. Malik reported that when it was the Day of Hunain there came the tribes of Hawazin, Ghatafan and others along with their children and animals, and there were with the Prophet of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) that day ten thousand (soldiers), and newly freed men (of Mecca after its conquest). All these men (once) turned their backs, till he (the Prophet) was left alone. He (the Messenger of Allaah) on that day called twice and he did not interpose anything between these two (announcements) He turned towards his right and said: 0 people of Ansar! They said: At thy beck and call (are we), Messenger of Allaah. Be glad we are with thee. He then turned towards his left and said: 0 people of Ansar. They said: At thy beck and call (are we). Be glad we are with thee. He (the Prophet) was riding a white mule. He dismounted and said: I am the servant of Allaah and His Prophet. The polytheists suffered defeat. and the Messenger of Allaah (may peace he upon him) acquired a large quantity of spoils, and he distributed them among the refugees and the people recently delivered (of Mecca) but did not give anything to the Ansar. The Ansar said: In the hour of distress it is we who are called (for help). but the spoils are given to other people besides us. This (remark) reached him (the Prophet). and he gathered them In a tent. and said: What is this news that has reached me on your behalf? They kept silence. Upon this he said: 0 people of Ansar, don't you like that people should go away with worldly (riches), and you go away with Muhammad taking him to your houses? They said: Yes, happy we are. Messenger of Allaah. He (the Prophet) said: If the people were to tread a valley, and the Ansar were to tread a narrow path, I would take the narrow path of the Ansar. Hisham said: I asked Abu Hamza if he was present there. He said: How could Ibe absent from him?

No. 2309

Anas b. Malik reported: We conquered Mecca and then we went on an expedition to Hunain. The polytheists came, forming themselves into the best rows that I have seen. They first formed the rows of cavalry, then those of infantry, and then those of women behind them. Then there were formed the rows of sheep and goats and then of other animals. We were also people large in number, and our (number) had reached six thousand. And on one side Khalid b. Walid was in charge of the cavalry. And our horses at once turned back from our rear. And we could hardly hold our own when our horses were exposed, and the bedouins and the peoplewhom we knew took to their heels. (Seeing this) the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) called thus: 0 refugees,0 refugees. He then. said: 0 Ansar,0 Ansar. (Anas said: This hadith is transmitted by a group of eminent persons.) We said: At thy beck and call are we, Messenger of Allaah. The Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) then advanced and he (Anas) said: By Allaah, we had not yet reached them when Allaah defeated them. and we took possession of the wealth and we then marched towards Ta'if, and we besieged them for forty nights. and then came back to Mecca and encamped (at a place), and the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) began to bestow a hundred camels upon each individual. The rest of the hadith is the same.

No. 2310

Rafi' b. Khadij reported that the Messenger of Allaah; (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) gave to Abu Sufyan b. Harb and Saf wan. b. Umayya and 'Uyaina b. Hisn and Aqra' b. Habis, i. e. to every one of these persons, one hundred of camels, and gave to 'Abbas b. Mirdas less than this number. Upon this 'Abbas b. Mirdis said:

You allot the share of my booty and that of my horse between 'Uyaina and Aqra'.

Both Uyaina and Aqra' are in no way more eminent than Mirdas (my father) in the assembly.

I am in no way inferior to any one of these persons.

And he who is let downtoday would not be elevated.

He (the narrator) said: The Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) then complet- ed one hundred camels for him.

No. 2311

This hadith has been narrated by Sa'id b. Masruq with the same chain of transmitters (with the words):" The Prophet of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) distributed the spoils of Hunain, and he (the Prophet) gave one hundred camels to Abu Sufyan b. Harb. The rest of the hadith is the same, but with this addition:" He bestowed upon" Alqama b. 'Ulatha one hundred (camels)."

No. 2312

This hadith has been narrated by Sa'id with the same chain of transmitters, but no mention has been made of Alqama b. 'Ulatha, nor of safwin b. Umayya, and he did not mention the verse in his hadith.

No. 2313

Abdullah b. Zaid reported that when the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) conquered Hunain he distributed the booty, and he bestowed upon those whose hearts it was intended to win. It was conveyed to him (the Prophet) that the Ansar cherished a desire that they should be given (that very portion) which the people (of Quraish) had got. Upon this the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) stood up and, after having praised Allaah and lauded Him, addressed them thus: 0 people of Ansar, did I not find you erring and Allaah guided you aright through me, and (in the state of) being destitute and Allaah made you free from want through me, and in a state of disunity and Allaah united you through me, and they (the Ansar) said: Allaah and His Messenger are most benevolent. He (again) said: Why do you not answer me? They said: Allaah and His Messenger are the most benevolent. He said, If you wish you should say so and so, and the event (should take) such and such course (and in this connection he made a mention) of so many things. 'Amr is under the impressionthat he has not been able to remember them. He (the Prophet) further said: Don't you feel happy (over this state of affairs) that the people should go away with goats and camels, and you go to your places along with the Messenger of Allaah? The Ansar are inner garments (more close to me) and (other) people are outer garments. Had there not been migration, I would have been a man from among the Ansar. If the people were to tread a valley or a narrow path, I would tread the valley (chosen) by the Ansar or narrow path (trodden) by them. And you would soon find after me preferences (over you in getting material benefits). So you should show patience till you meet me at the Haud (Kauthar).

No. 2314

Abdullah reported: On the day of Hunain, the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) showed preference (to some) People in the distribution of the spoils. He bestowed on Aqra' b. Habis one hundred camels, and bestowed an equal (number) upon 'Uyaina, and bestowed on people among the elites of Arabia, and pre. ferred them) (to others) on that day, in the distribution (of spoils). Upon this a person said: By Allaah, neither justice has been done In this distribution (of spoils), nor has the pleasure of Allaah been sought in it. I (the Narrator ) said: By Allaah, I will certainly inform the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) about it. so I came to him and informed him about what he had said. - The colour of his (the Prophet's) face changed red like blood and he then said: Who would do justice, if Allaah and His Messenger do not do justice? He further said: May Allaah have mercy upon Moses; he was tormented more than this, but he showed patience. I said: Never would I convey him (the Prophet) after this (unpleasant) narration.

No. 2315

Abdullah reported: The Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) distributed spoils (of war). Upon this a person said: This is a distribution In which the pleasure of Allaah has not been sought. I came to the Prophet of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) and informed him in an undertone. He (the Prophet) was deeply angry at this and his face became red till I wished that I had not made a mention of it to him. He (the Prophet) then said: Moses was tormented more than this, but he showed patience.




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