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‏الزكاة (The Book of Obligatory Alms)
CHAPTER: THE POSTERITY OF THE HOLY PROPHET (SALLALLAAHU ALAYHI WA SALLAM) IS NOT ALLOWED TO MAKE USE OF SADAQA  

No. 2347

'Abd al-Muttalib b. Rabi'a b. al-Harith reported that Rabi'a b. al-Harith and Abbas b. Abd al-Muttalib gathered together and said: By Allaah, if we had sent these two young boys (i. e. I and Fadl b. 'Abbas) to the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) and they had spoken to him, he would have appointed them (as the collectors) of these sadaqat; and they would (collect them) and pay (to the Prophet) as other people (collectors) paid and would get a share as other people got it. As they were talking about it there came 'Ali b. Abu Talib and stood before them, and they made a mention of it to him. 'Ali b. Abu Talib said: Don't do that; by Allaah he (the Prophet) would not do that (would not accept your request). Rabi'a b. Harith turned to him and said: By Allaah, you are not doing so but out of jealousy that you nurse against us By Allaah, you became the son-in-law of the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) but we felt no jealousy against you (for this great privilege of yours). 'Ali then said: Send them (if you like). They set out and 'Ali lay on the bed. When the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) offered the noon prayer. we went ahead of him to his apartment and stood near it till he came out. He took hold of our ears (out of love and affection) and then said: Give out what you have kept in your hearts. He then entered (the apartment) and we also went in and he (the Prophet) was on that day (in the house of) Zainab b. jahsh. We urged each (of us) to speak. Then one of us thus spoke: Messenger of Allaah, you are the best of humanity and the best to cement the ties of blood-relations. We have reached the-marriageable age. We have come (to you) so that you may appoint us (as collectors) of these sadaqat. and we would pay you just as thin people (other collectors) pay you, and get our share as others get it. He (the Prophet) kept silence for a long time till we wished that we should speak with him (again), and Zainab pointied to us from behind the curtain not to talk (any more). He (the Prophet) said; It does not become the family of Muhammad (to accept) sadaqat for they are the impurities of people. You call to me Mahmiya (and he was in charge of khums, i. e, of the one-fifth part that goes to the treasury out of the spoils of war), and Naufal b. Harith b. 'Abd al-Muttalib. They both came to him, and he (the Prophet) said to Mahmiya: Marry your daughter to this young man (i. e. Fadl b. 'Abbas), and he married her to him And he said to Naufal b. Harith: Marry your daughter to this young man (i e. 'Abd al-Muttalib b. Rabi'a, the narrator of this hadith) and he married her to me, and he said to Mahmiya: Pay so much mahr on behalf of both of them from this khums Zuhri, however. said: He did not determine (the amount of mahr).

No. 2348

Rabi'a b. Harith b. 'Abd al-Muttalib and Abbas b. 'Abd al-Muttalib said to Abd al-Muttalib b. Rabi'a and Fadl b. Ibn Abbas: Go to the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam), and the rest of the hadith is the same (but with this addition):" 'Ali spread his cloak and then lay down on it and said: I am the father of Hasan, and I am the chief. By Allaah, I would not move from my place till your sons come back to you with the reply to that for which you sent them to the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam). And he then also said: Verily these sadaqat are the impurities of people, and they are not permissible for Muhammad (may peaace be upon him), and for the family of Muhammad. And he also said: The Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) also said to me: Call Mahmiya b. Jaz', and he was person from Banu Asad. and the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) had apointed him as a collector of khums.

No. 2349

Juwayriya, the wife of the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam)" said that Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) came to her and said: Is there anything to eat? She said: Messenger of Allaah, I swear by God, there is no food with us except a bone of goat which my freed maid-servant was given as sadaqa. Upon this he said: Bring that to me, for it (the sadaqa) has reached its destination.

No. 2350

This hadith has been narrated by Zuhri with the same chain of trainsmitters.

No. 2351

Anas b. Malik reported that Barira presented to the Prophet of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) a piece of meat which had been given to her as sadaqa. Upon this he (the Prophet) said: That is a Sadaqa for her and a gift for us.

No. 2352

'A'isha reported that (once) the Prophet of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam, ) was presented with beef. It was said (by someone) that it had been given to Barira as Sadaqa. Upon this he (the Prophet) said: It is a Sadaqa for her and a gift for us.

No. 2353

'A'isha (Allaah be pleased with her) said: Three are the decions (of the Shari'ah that we have come to know) through Barira. The people gave her sadaqa and she offered us as gift. We made a mention of it to the Prophet of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam), whereupon he said: It is a sadaqa for her and a gift for you; so eat it.

No. 2354

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of A'isha through another chain of transmitters.

No. 2355

This hadith has been transmitted on the authority of 'A'isha in a similar manner except a slight variation that he said:" That is a gift for us out of it."

No. 2356

Umm 'Atiyya, said: The Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) sent me some mutton of sadaqa. I sent a piece out of that to 'A'isha. When the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) came to 'A'isha, he said: Have you anything with you (to eat)? She said: Nothing, except only that mutton sent to us by Nusaiba (the kunya of Umm 'Atiyya) which you had sent to her. Whereupon he said: It has reached its proper place.




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