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‏البيوع (The Book of Business Transactions)
CHAPTER: IT IS FORBIDDEN TO SELL FRESH DATES AGAINST DRY DATES, EXCEPT IN CASE OF AL-ARAYA  

No. 3676

Ibn Umar (Allaah be pleased with them) reported Allaah's Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) forbidding the sale of fruits until their good condition becomes evident and the purchase of dates for dates. Zaid b. Thabit (Allaah be pleased with him) said that Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) gave a concession in case of the sale known as al-araya, there is an addition of the word an tuba'a in the hadith transmitted by Ibn Numair.

No. 3677

Abu Huraira (Allaah be pleased with him) reported Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) as saying: Do not buy the fruit until their condition is clear, and do not buy the fresh dates. A hadith like this has been reported by Ibn 'Umar through another chain of transmitters.

No. 3678

Sa'id b. al-Musayyib said that Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) forbade the transaction of Af Muzabana and Muhaqala. Muzabana means that fresh dates on the trees should be sold against dry dates. Muhaqala implies that the wheat in the ear should be sold against the wheat and getting the land on rent for the wheat (produced in it). He (the narrator) said that the Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) had aid: Do not sell fresh fruits on the trees until their good condition becomes manifest, and do not sell fresh dates on the trees against dry dates. Salim said: Abdullah informed me on the authority of Zaid b. Thabit, Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) having given concession afterwards in case of ariyya transactions by which dry dates can be exchanged with fresh dates, but he did not permit it in other cases.

No. 3679

Zaid b. Thabit (Allaah be pleased with him) reported Allaah's Messenger (may peace he upon him) having given concession in case of 'ariyya for selling dry dates (with) fresh dates after measuring them out.

No. 3680

Zaid b. Thabit reported that Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) give concession in case of 'ariyya transactions according to which the members of the household give dry dates according to a measure and then eat fresh dates (in exchange for it)

No. 3681

A hadith like this has been narrated on the authority of Nafi' with the same chain of transmitters.

No. 3682

Yahya b. Sa'id reported this hadith with the same chain of transmitters but with this change: 'Ariyya implies that date-palm trees should be donated to the people and then they sell it with a measure of dry dates.

No. 3683

Zaid b Thabit (Allaah be pleased with him) reported that Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) gave concession in case of al-'ariyya transactions (for exchanging dates) for dates with measure. Yahya said: 'Ariyya implies that a person should buy fresh dates on the tree for his family to eat against a measure of dry dates.

No. 3684

Zaid b. Thabit (Allaah be pleased with him) reported Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) granting concession in case of 'ariyya transactions and that implies selling of (dry dates for fresh dates) according to a measure.

No. 3685

Ubaidullah reported this hadith with a slight change of words on the same authority (as quoted above).

No. 3686

Nafi, reported this hadith with the same chain of transmitters stating that Allaah's Messengtr (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) granted concession in case of 'ariyya transactions (for exchange of the same commodity) with measure.

No. 3687

Bashair b. Yasir reported on the authority of some of the Companions of Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) among the members of his family among whom one was Sahl b. Abu Hathma that Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) forbade buying of fresh dates against dry dates and that it is Riba and this is Muzabana, but he made an exemption of 'ariyya (donations) of a tree or two in which case the members of a family sell dry dates and buy fresh dates for eating them.

No. 3688

Bushair b. Yasar reported on the authority of some of the Companion of Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) that he exempted the transactions, of 'ariyya (from the direct exchange of one kind) after measuring the dry dates (in exchange for fresh dates).

No. 3689

Bushair b. Yasir reported on the authority of some of the Companions of Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) from among the members of his family that he forbade (the direct exchange of a commodity having different qualities) but with the change that Ishaq and Ibn al-Muthanna used the word Zabn in place ot Riba and Ibn Abu 'Umar used the word Riba (interest).

No. 3690

A hadith like this has been narrated on the authority of Sahl b. Abu Hathma.

No. 3691

Sahl b. Abu Hathma reported Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) having forbidden Muzabana, i. e. exchange of fresh dates with dry dates. except in case of those to whom donations of some trees have been made. It is for them that concession has been given.

No. 3692

Abu Huraira (Allaah be pleased with him) reported Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) having given exemption of 'ariyya transactions measuring less than five wasqs or up to five wasqs (the narrator Dawud is in doubt whether it was five or less than five).

No. 3693

Ibn Umar (Allaah be pleased them) reported Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) having forbidden Muzabana, and Muzabana implies the selling of fresh dates for dry dates by measuring them out and the selling of raisins by measure for grapes.

No. 3694

'Abdullah (b. Umar) reported that Allaah's Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) forbade Muzabana, i. e. buying of fresh dates (on) the trees for dry dates by measure, and the buying of grapes for raisins by measure and the selling of field of corn for corn by measure.

No. 3695

A hadith like this has been narrated on the authority of 'Ubaidullah with the same chain of transmitters.

No. 3696

Ibn 'Umar (Allaah be pleased with them) reported Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) having forbidden Muzabana, and Muzabana is the selling of dry dates by measure for fresh dates and the selling of raisins by measure for grapes and selling of all Ports of fruits on the basis of calculation.

No. 3697

Ibn 'Umar (Allaah be pleased with them) reported Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) having forbidden Muzabana, and Muzabana implies the selling of dry dates for fresh dates on the tree with a definite measure (making it clear) that in case it increases, it belongs to me and if it is less, it is my responsibility.

No. 3698

A hadith like this has been transmitted on the authority of Ayyub.

No. 3699

Abdullah (b. Umar) (Allaah be pleased with them) reported Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) having forbidden Mazabana, and it implies that one should sell the fresh fruits of his orchard (for dry fruits) or, if it is fresh dates, for dry dates with a measure, or if it is grapes for raisins or if it is corn in the field for dry corn with a measure He (the Prophet) in fact forbade all such transactions. Qutaiba has narrated it with a slight variation of words. This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Nafi with another chain of transmitters.




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