To illustrate this, If I said:
"I have 100 pounds which I have kept aside for charity." This does not prevent
the fact that I also have other pounds which I did not keep aside for charity.
It is not established either from
the Messenger (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) that he listed the 99 names mentioned in the above hadeeth. In fact
all the hadeeths which have the above wording, but then go on to list the names are all
daeef, as explained by Ibn Taymiyyah in Majmoo ul-Fataawaa (vol 6).
THE SIXTH PRINCIPLE: That we do
not do Ilhaad (deviate) in the matter of Allaahs Names
"And to Allaah belong the
most-beautiful of Names, therefore call upon Him by them, and leave alone those who
deviate in Allaahs Names. They will soon be recompensed for what they used to
Deviating can take place in a number
of different ways:
1. To reject anything that the Names
of Allaah indicate or give evidence to, such as the Attributes or Qualities behind them,
as the Jahmees do, and the Asharees and other straying innovators.
2. To claim that the Names of Allaah
give evidence to attributes which are similar to the creation. (This is Tashbeeh that we
covered in Lesson 2)
3. To call Allaah by a name that He
did not call Himself such as Father as the Christians do or The First
Cause as the philosophers and the People of Kalaam do.
4. To derive other names from the
Names of Allaah and then to name idols with them. For example al-Uzzaa, one of the gods of
the pagans in the time of the Messenger (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) was derived from Allaahs Name,
al-Azeez. Likewise, al-Laat was taken from Allaah. However, these names are unique for
Allaah and no one else deserves them, just as He is unique in deserving the worship of the
whole of creation.
1. Why is the topic of Allaahs
2. Quote the verse in the
Qur;an in which reference is given to Allaahs Names and give the reference.
3. Answer the following objections:
A. There are some names that are
common between Allaah and the creation and if we affirm them for Him arent we
likening Him to the creation/
B. If we affirm all these names for
Allaah and the qualities behind them arent we creating lots of different gods?
3. Give some examples to illustrate
how the Names of Allaah consist of two things: the Name, and the quality or characterstic
4. What is the difference between
Allaah being called by something and the creation being called by something? (Hint, end of
5. Explain what is a transitive verb
and a non-transitive verb.
6. Give examples of Allaahs
Names which are transitive and which are non-transitive.
7. What do we have to affirm for:
A. a Name that is transitive?
B. a Name that is non-transitive?
8. Quote two verses to prove that we
cannot speak about Allaah without knowledge, learn them and memorise their references.
9. Is there is a limit to
Allaahs names and do we know the exact number? Answer this question with proof from
the Quraan or the Sunnah.
10. Give some examples of how a
person can deviate in the issue of Allaahs Names (there is some link here to Lesson
2, on the Attributes of Allaah).
14th December 1997