DEFINITION OF AL QADAA AND AL QADR
When mentioned separately either one means the other, but
when stated together differ in their meanings e.g.: when it is generalised Al
Qadr encompasses Al Al- qadaa and vice versa. But when it is stated Al Qadr wa
Al-qadaa then Al Qadr means the predestination of things and when the
predestined matter occurs then it is Al-qadaa.
It is an obligation to have faith in Al Qadr.
Evidence from the Qur'aan:
'Verily We have created all things with Al
Evidence from the Sunnah:
Hadith of Gabriel: When the angel asked what is
eemaan, the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) said
'Eemaan is to believe in Allah His angels, books,
messengers, day of judgement and Al- qadar the good and
bad' (Bukhari, Muslim)
Hadith of Jabir: 'No slave of Allah will truly believe
until he believes in Al Qadr its good and bad from Allah,
until he knows that what has befallen him was not going
to miss him and that what missed him was not going to
THE 4 ASPECTS OF BELIEF IN AL QADR
1. AL ILM- ALLAH'S KNOWLEDGE
Allah's knowledge encompasses everything. He knows what
has occurred, what will occur and all that which has not
occurred. He knew everything about His creation before He
created it. He knows in His eternal knowledge about His
creation ,their provisions, life spans, sayings, moves
deeds, secrets all of their obedience and disobedient
acts, who among them will be people of Jannah (Paradise)
or who will be from the people of An Naar (fire):
'Verily Allah is the All Knower of
"And that Allah surrounds (comprehends) all
things in his Knowledge." (65:12)
Ali narrated that "one day the Prophet (sallallahu
alaihi wa sallam) was sitting with a wooden stick in his
hand with which he was scratching the ground. He raised
his head and said "there is none of you but has his
place assigned either in the fire or in Paradise."
They said, "O Allah's Messenger (sallallahu alaihi
wa sallam) Why should we carry on doing good deeds then,
shall we depend (on Al-qadar) and give up work? The
Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) said "No, but
carry on doing good deeds, for everyone will find easy
(to do) such deeds as will lead him to that for which he
has been created "then he recited this ayat:
"As for him who gives (in charity)and keeps his duty
to Allah and fears Him, and believes in Al Husna
(Tawheed, path of righteousness) we will make smooth for
him the path of ease, goodness..(92:5-10)" Muslim
Allah knew that Iblees would disobey and that he would
not prostrate to Aadam as Allah commanded him. The angels
did not know anything about Iblees. Allah the Wise said
to the angels:
"I know that which you do not know"
Abdullah ibn Masoud said, "Allah knew what they the
angels did not know about Iblees." Ibnul Qayyim
mentions many aspects of the wisdom of the creation of
1.The manifestation of Allahs ability to create
created the most wicked and evil self of Iblees the
source of every evil. In contrast He created the most
purified and honourable self of the angels. His ability
is also manifested in the creation of night and day,
illness and cure, life and death, ugly and beautiful and
many other contrasting forms of creation.
(Side point) -HOW Allah creates the good and the bad.
Allah says which means.
"No evil befalls on the
earth or in your own souls except it is in the writings before we bring it into existence."(57:22)
"If some good comes to them they say this is from
Allah and if some evil befalls them they say this is from
you prophet, everything is from Allah."
"the creator of everything. "(40: 62)
From these verses above we see that Allah created
everything, for if Allah did not create everything there
would be another creator.
also know that the prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa sallam)
said 'All the goodness is in your hands and the evil is
not attributed to you. "(Muslim)
does Allah create the bad/levil?. Allah does not create
evil in the absolute sense. Because in every evil there
is good, it is only evil if we make it evil.