Part A. Ahadeeth Pertaining to The Adhaan and the Prayer
Taken from Silsilah Ahadeeth As-Saheehah of Shaykh Al-Albaani
1- 475- On the authority of Jareer who said: I came to the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- while he was being given allegiance, so I said: O Messenger of Allaah! Give me your hand so I can give you my allegiance, make it conditional because you know best.
The Messenger said: I take your allegiance that you will worship Allaah, establish the prayer, give the Zakah, give advice to the Muslims and separate from the Mushrik.
2- 476 On the authority of al-Mattlab bin Abdullaah bin Hantab, on the authority of Abdullaah bin Amr who said the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- climbed the Mimbar and said: I do not swear, I do not swear, I do not swear. Then he came down and said: Have glad tidings, have glad tidings; verily whoever prays the five prayers and keeps away from the major sins enters into Paradise from any door he wishes.
Al-Mattlab said: I heard a man ask Abdullaah bin Amr did you hear the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- mention them? He said: Yes, disobedience to parents, committing Shirk with Allaah, killing a human, falsely accusing a chaste woman, eating up the wealth of an orphan, retreating from a battle and eating up interest.
3- 477 On the authority of Abdullaah bin Amr who said: We prayed the Maghrib prayer with the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam, some people left and some remained. The Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- came quickly and his breathing had become rapid and his knees had become uncovered and he said: Have glad tidings; your Lord has opened a door from the doors of Heaven, for which the Angels compete with you. Then Allaah says: Look at My slaves, they have just completed the obligatory prayer and they are waiting for the next one.
4- 479- On the authority of Abu Idrees al-Kholaani, who said: I was in a gathering of the Companions of the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- and amongst them was Ubaadah bin as-Saamit. The Witr prayer was mentioned, some of them said that it was obligatory and some of them said it was Sunnah.
Ubaadah bin as-Saamit said: As for me then I testify that I heard the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- say: Jibraeel alayhi Sallam- came from Allaah Tabaraka wa Taala and said: O Muhammad! Indeed Allaah Azza wa Jal - has said to you: Verily I have made five prayers obligatory upon your Ummah; whoever fulfils them with its Wudu, its timing and Sujood (prostration) then he has made with it a contract with Me that I will enter him into Paradise due to it. Whoever meets Me and some of it is deficient - or a word similar to it then he does not have a contract with Me, if I want I will punish him and if I want I will have mercy on him.
5- 481 On the authority of Abu Amama who said: I heard the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- deliver a sermon in his farewell Hajj saying: Fear Allaah your Lord, pray your five prayers, fast your month, pay the Zakah of your family and obey those in authority over you; you will enter the Paradise of your Lord.
6- 482 On the authority of Anas who said the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- turned towards us to face us when we stood for the prayer before he said the Takbeer and said: Complete the rows (and in another narration: [straighten, straighten] [come closer together]) indeed I see you behind my back like I see you in front of me.
7- 485 On the authority of Aeysha on the authority of the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- who said: Make a portion of your prayer in your homes, do not make your homes as graves just as the Jews and the Christians made their homes as graves. Indeed the house in which the Quraan is recited will be made apparent to the people of the Heaven just as the stars are made apparent to the people of the earth.